Koshi Tappu Bird Watching Tour
The Koshi Tappu Bird Watching Tour, Koshi Tappu Wildlife reserve lies on within 26⁰33‟-26⁰45‟N and 86⁰54‟-87⁰04‟E along the flood plain of the Sappta Koshi River at eastern Nepal. It is distributed within Sunsari, Saptari and Udayapur district as well as designated as Ramsar site in 1987 AD. Though it has small area of only 175 sq. Km and buffer zone of 173 sq. Km. The Tappu is characterized by wetland habitats in the form of flood plains, oxbow lakes and swamp forests and terrestrial habitats as grassland and degraded forests.
Koshi Tappu is a home to more than 485 species of birds and is also recognized as Important Bird Area of Nepal. Reserve has suitable habitat for lots of water birds and grassland birds in Nepal. 176 species bred in the reserve and 180 species are passage migrants or winter visitors; Birds which are frequently found in the area are Swamp Francolin , Bengal Florican, Indian nightjar, Asian Openbill, Cotton Pygmy-goose, Green Bee-eater, Eurasian Wryneck, Indian Roller, Plum-headed Parakeet, Short-eared Owlet, Pallas’s Fish Eagle, Eurasian Thick-knee, Pallas Gull, Osprey, Indian Spotted Eagle, Great Egret, Lesser Adjutant, Greater Racket-tailed Drongo, Asian Paradise Flycatcher, White-tailed stonechat, Striated Grass birds, Yellow-breasted Bunting etc. The reserve only holds the last surviving population of Wild Buffalo in Nepal. Other mammals include Fishing Cat, Genetic Dolphin, Golden Jackal, Jungle Cat etc.