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The Basic Things you must know before Trekking in Nepal: Nepal is a country of eternal beauty and attraction. Nepal is very rich land of interesting cultures, ancient history and indigenous people, picturesque scenery and some of the greatest walking on earth. It is universally known for the highest mountain peak of the world, Mount Everest that stands tall at 8848 meters. Nepal tourism notifies about places to visit in Nepal, Lumbini, famous for the birthplace of Gautam Buddha who laid the foundation of Buddhism in the country. Having rich traditions of art, historical sites, customs, culture and heritage, Kathmandu, the capital city of Nepal is a treasure house of ancient art and culture. From deep gorges Kali Gandaki, to towering highest mountains, various vibrant culture and charismatic people, Nepal is the ideal travel destination for adventurers and relaxation-seekers alike. But as with any journey, it‘s important to be prepared before you go.

1) You must obtain Nepal visa

As per as Nepalese visa policy, except Indian citizens all foreign nationals need have valid visa to enter Nepal. For you kind information, Nepali embassies and consulates overseas also issue visas with no fuss. You can visa on when you arrive in Nepal at Kathmandu’s Tribhuvan Airport. You can also get visa from road borders at Nepalganj, Birganj/Raxaul Bazaar, Sunauli, Kakarbhitta, Mahendranagar, Dhangadhi and even the Rasuwagadhi checkpoint at the China/Tibetan border Outside of Nepal. The people of 12 country of world, Nigeria, Ghana, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Cameroon, Somalia, Liberia, Ethiopia, Iraq, Palestine, Afghanistan and Syria should take visa from the nearby Embassy of Nepal accredited to their respective countries.

Regarding to extend your Visa you can go to the Department of Immigration, Kalikasthan Kathmandu. A valid passport and one passport -size photo with light backgrounds needed. You can obtain visa only through payment of cash. If you’er thinking about alternative method to pay visa fee, let us tell you payment through Indian currency, Nepali currency and credit cards are declined. You can take visa by paying the following currency: Euro, Swiss Franc, Pound Sterling, US Dollar, Australian Dollar, Canadian Dollar, Hong Kong Dollar, Singapore Dollar and Japanese Yen. Credit card, Indian currency and Nepali currency are not accepted as payment of visa fee. Please visit the information page on the Nepal Tourism Board website: http://www.tourism.gov.np for more Visa-Information.

2) Do Research on where you are going to trek
Please do some research on the Internet regarding specific topics like, safety for women in Nepal, relevant past incidents etc. One of the more convenient and effective ways is to search for any past incidents that might be relevant to any given area of the chosen itinerary. Of Course, one needs to put any positive or negative stats into the correct perspective, especially if you are an independent trekker. Whether solo trekking can be done on a particular route is easy to find out. A place with a high number of tourists and numerous lodges, tea-houses, etc will always be more suitable for solo trekking than other trails. There are excellent sources of information available today that make doing such research extremely easy and relatively quick; for instance Tripadvisor.com, thorn tree forum, etc.

3) Buy Travel Insurance
While trekking in Nepal you might need to walk through jungles, hills, narrow path etc. And sometimes walking through this kind of way you might sprain your ankle or even broke you bone, you might get altitude sickness, food poisoning, hypothermia, appendix ruptures, skin infections and respiratory infections. If this kind of above infection happens to you at 4,900 feet up a mountain then there’s a strong chance you won’t want to be continue your trek. Sometimes if you get this kind infection you need to back to Kathmandu to a hospital. You’ll need a helicopter to get you down. You will need to pay a helicopter evacuation costs, hospital treatment or in-flight medical services which are now mandatory. In this situation your travel insurance will beneficial for you.

4) Book Your Flight Ticket
Just like finding that hidden cheap deal , finding the right destination, the right tour company, the right backpack, or the right place to stay are important part of you trekking process, flights can represent the biggest part of your trip expenses. After all, all you need is a cheapest flight because if a flight is too expensive, you aren’t going anywhere. There lots of chance to get cheapest flight if you issue your air ticket on time. But before that you have to decide the length of your trek because many cheapest flight cost you too much on postpone and prepone.

5) Do research on the best time to visit Nepal
Doing research before you travel is the most important aspects especially when you are travelling to somewhere unfamiliar and that is so different from what you are used to back home. When you are planning your trip you’ll have so many questions. Among them what is the best time to visit in Nepal is very important topic. Its climates are tropical monsoon type as it lies in the temperature of the world where sun rays are moderate. Considering the best time to visit in Nepal Autumn season is the best. This the season of festival as the main festivals of Dashain and Tihar (greatest Hindu festivals) fall during these months. During this season the sky will remain clear and the temperature is pleasant. December and mid-February is known as the coldest months as this is the month of snow fall. Blocked trail passes are a constant threat. But it is possible to climb some of the mountain. February – May, is one of the best months for travel, as you will see rhododendrons and many others flowers blooming in the mountains and hilly regions while you are on trek. Obviously, very good views of bright snow covered Himalayas.

6) Clothing
Nepalese women dress modestly and such dressing sense are respected and admired here, in Nepali culture. Don’t be center of attraction due to your different attire. Dress decently and you will be respected which will be very helpful to start up a conversation and keep going. In remote areas it is better to put on long skirts, loose pants and decent shirts and t-shirts, as too much skin exposure is not taken in a good way. Tight pants, trendy t-shirts, fashionable shirts, half-pants and even shorts are cool in city areas but bikini is a no-no in Nepal. During your trek, you will not decide what to wear; the weather will do that for you. Pairs of trekking trousers with full sleeves trekking shirts is ok for trekking. When the temperature is extremely low you will need warmer options. You have to decide what to wear according to the time you are traveling. Dress yourself comfortably because your comfort is the first priority but make sure that the dress you choose is not tight and too revealing.

7) Don’t forget to Carry Important Medicines
It is important to get a physical examination at least 4-6 weeks, or longer, in advance of your trip. This is important so you may identify and correct any problems which may be uncovered. This will also allow adequate time for your immunizations. The physical treatment should be done by a physician who has knowledge of altitude illness and travel medicine. The physical should evaluate your general health and screen for illnesses such as hypertension, diabetes mellifluous, anemia, ulcer disease, and cardiovascular disease and lung problems such as asthma. You need to consult your physician before you develop you medical kit. As pointed out earlier, high altitude is not the place you want to have a drug or allergic reaction. You should have an ample supply of your regular prescription medicines such as blood pressure or diabetic medications.

8) Possibility to Buy and Hire
If you are planning to bring lease equipments and planning to buy and hire in Nepal, You can find here is almost all kind of equipment (Fake and Branded!) you can hired and buy in Kathmandu. You will get some possibilities in higher in Mountain. Like you are going to EBC you can buy in Namche Bazaar. For the Annapurna you get chance in Pokhara anything you may need in terms of equipments, food snacks, medicines and obviously the Souvenirs.

9) Baggage Allowance on Domestic flight
Please note down that standard Baggage limits in domestic airlines are 10kg and with hold in the hand bag 5kg. Of course you can live your extra Travel bad or city clothes Hotel in Kathmandu or Pokhara. Surely it can be good Tip for you that you can wear your heavy things Jackets, trekking boots to help cut down on the weights of your bag. If you have extra heavy baggage then pay an extra charge for airplane and we need to get more porters, so therefore it will charge you an excess cost for the trip to be paid in cash..

10) Social Etiquette
No kissing, hugging or display of affections in the public. Smoking is strongly prohibited when you are entering temples or religious sites. You need to take your shoes off every time before you enter to temples, religious sites, or when you are invited into a Nepali home. Nepalese people use their hand to eat. They can provide spoons for you but if you’er going to use your hand as them always remember to use right hand as left hand is considered unclean. And also remember to use your right hand when you are giving, taking, shaking hands and etc. While receiving or giving money, at this time also you must use your right hand. The feet are considered unclean. Don’t kick someone; put your feet up on a chair or table, point your feet at someone or something revered or to touch someone else’s feet. To point your feet at religious shines causes’ offense so be careful where you point your feet when sitting in a Nepali home. Walk clockwise around any religious building or monuments like stupas to pay yours respects and have your wishes granted.

Likewise, local people leave a small donation when visiting a temple; so if possible, you can also do the same. You have greeted the local people with word: Namaste, where at the same time, you lift your hands in front of your chest like in a prayer position. Nepalese people tend not to shake hands (other than in formal office or work situations).Don’t throw rubbish onto a fire used for cooking. Fire is considered sacred. Taking picture is strictly prohibited in some of the temples, monasteries. And religious place. There is no harm to take picture of locals. It is good to take permission before taking photos of young ladies if you are a male because they might misunderstand you. However, children will often line up and pose for photos without being asked. Later, they will crowd around your camera to see the picture.

11) Food to avoid in Nepal
Nepal is a country with high risk for gastrointestinal illness. Poor food hygiene and lack of adequate sanitary infrastructure are responsible for the high rates of diarrhea illness in the country. Try avoiding eating at the streets, especially any uncooked food items. The good restaurants soak their salad, vegetables in iodine or other disinfectants that makes them safe to eat. Otherwise, it is best to avoid any raw vegetable or fruit that cannot be peeled at the places where you cannot fully trust. Avoid dairy products from any unreliable shops and do not eat brightly colored food as it may have used low quality food coloring.

12) Drinking water while in Nepal
While trekking in Nepal if you are trying to remain healthy, clean drinking water is very important. Water is one of the most common causes for illness in Nepal, but there are a number of ways to make sure your water is clean. All tap or ground water in Nepal should never be consumed without being purified. Bottled water is reasonably safe to drink but discarded bottles add to the country’s growing problem with pollution. You can always carry a SteriPen or purification drops, like liquid iodine (Lugol’s solution) to purify your water. Although it is very important to drink clean water, it is equally important to make sure that you are well hydrated.

Water is essential for the metabolism processes in our bodies that give us energy to move. When one drinks water the impurities present in water go inside the body. Dirty water may contain viruses, bacteria, harmful diseases that causes some viral infection such as diarrhea, typhoid etc. If during your trip you got ill it will be very unfortunate for you. So drinking clean water is very important if you want to remain healthy. Water is one of the most common causes for illness in Nepal, but there are a number of ways to make sure your water is clean. All tap or ground water in Nepal should never be consumed without being purified. Bottled water is reasonably safe to drink but discarded bottles add to the country’s growing problem with pollution. You can always carry a SteriPen or purification drops, like liquid iodine (Lugol’s solution) to purify your water. Although it is very important to drink clean water, it is equally important to make sure that you are well hydrated.

13) Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS)
Nepal is famous and popular for its spectacular high mountains and superb trekking routes. If you are planning to enjoy these higher parts of Nepal and travelling to high altitude, it is very important to keep oneself safe from getting Acute Mountain Sickness. Watch out for any symptoms of altitude sickness and act promptly if any of the symptoms appear. Do not rush to the higher altitude and let your body acclimatize well by letting your body adapt to the increasing altitude. You can use the acetazolamide tablets with some medical consultation to avoid the sickness while enjoying your hiking. And most important thing is consult with your trekking guide if any kind of symptoms appear because altitude sickness is very dangerous sometimes almost end your life.

14) Do not give money to beggars that you see on the streets.
Street beggars are a common social phenomenon in many parts of Nepal. Do not give money to beggars that you see on the streets. Even though they look pitiful and innocent, your giving away of money encourages them only to beg for more. If you really care about them you can support one of many charity organizations working in Nepal. Many tourists might find themselves showing love and support to the beggars but some are faker and some beggars use drugs there for they spend your money on drugs and do you think that it is right. The amount of beggars in Nepal is breathtaking. Some are professionals which can be laughable but it’s true. Others are pretty genuine but the decision is completely yours. If you’re kindhearted, do help those in needs. But it shouldn’t be of any pressure. And also don’t give money or sealed food to street children because they will end up selling back the food and use the money to buy drugs.

15) Be sure to exchange back all the Nepalese currencies before you leave.
The Nepali Rupee (NPR) is the official currency of Nepal. The Nepal Rastra Bank controls the issuing of currency. It is very essay to exchanges money in Nepal which follows the same standard to elsewhere in Asia. Exchange money in Kathmandu or Pokhara before trekking. USD, EURO, Sterling, Chinese Yen and Indian rupees are generally accepted to exchange in Nepal. Due to some security reason and some difficulties, there are no ATMs on most of the trails and the few that exist don’t always work. You will get charged about $5 USD (or similar) from the Nepal ATM, and probably from your bank as well. So, don’t take out just 1000 NPR at one time, take out 15000 (normal max. limit) at a time to save on all those charges. You can exchange Currency at banks, airports, authorized money changers and some hotels. If you are traveler from India, Banks don’t accept Indian currency of denomination of Rs. 500 and 1000 because of fake notes going around in the market. You can always consult your guide or representative before exchange the cash and using ATM.

16) Limited Internet
Internet system is booming and struggling at the same time. Over the past few years mobile base stations are spreading out across the country, new telecom providers are starting and WiFi options are growing. But sometimes Nepal’s chronic electricity shortages and bad infrastructure hamper internet connectivity. Nowadays every hotel restaurant and café in big cities like Kathmandu & Pokhara provides free wife service but the internet is kind of slow. In localities like Lukla, Phakding, Dole and Namche Bazaar, you can pay a certain amount (around $ 5 U.S) to get unlimited WIFI coverage. If you forget to buy your share of unlimited WIFI in those villages, you can always do so at Thangnak and Dzongla which are villages located at a higher altitude and closer to the Everest. I bet you did not know that.

17) Put a face mask in city area
Despite being known for its pristine landscapes and mountain ranges, sadly Nepal’s air quality is some of the worst in the world. This is particularly true for Kathmandu, which was named as the 7th most polluted city in the world in 2017. Here, you’ll find streets crowded with traffic, smoke, dust, potholes, and sadly, a growing level of plastic pollution although many local organizations like Clean Up Nepal are working to address it. If you’re sensitive to irritants in the air, it might be worth grabbing a face mask for particularly hazy days. Masks are no longer an option but have become compulsory in current day Kathmandu, Thankfully though, once you head out of the city and into the mountains the air quality improves drastically.

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