Known as the land of the Himalayas, Nepal is bless with eight out of ten highest peaks in the world. When you think of mountains in Nepal, Mount Everest is the most famous as well as the world’s highest peak. Nepal is also home to many other mountains, from the 3,000-foot summits of the Churiya Hills to the giants of the Greater Himalayas and the ranges along the border with Tibet. Nepal’s mountains invite magnificent, from the highest to the most popular to the most private. In Nepali the mountains are known as the Himalaya. The Nepal mountain region covers about 35 percent of the total area of the kingdom, out of which only about two percent of the land is cultivable. Almost all major rivers of the country originate here. In this topic we going to introduce you about Top Ten Highest Mountains of Nepal.
Moreover, these heavenly mountains attributing angelic beauty in Nepal play a cosmic role to the enhancement of tourism. Our tourism trade depends on them. Many tourists first priority to visit Nepal is to watch the mountains. Many of them come here to climb the snowy mountains. Mountains are the permanent sources of water in Nepal because the snow-capped mountains are the origins of the rivers. In the mountains the climate and environment are completely fresh and healthy. That’s why the inhabitants of the mountain regions are always vigorous and robust. Here is the list of Top Ten Highest Mountains of Nepal.
1) Mt Everest (Sagarmatha): 8,848 meters (The world highest mountain peak)
Top Ten Highest Mountains of Nepal, Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world. It is also known in Nepal as Sagarmatha and in Tibet as Chomolungma. It is located in the Mahalangur mountain range in Nepal and Tibet. Its peak is 8,848 meters (29,029 ft.) above sea level. The summit is the border of Nepal to the south and China or Tibet on the north. It consists of different types of shale, limestone, and marble, the rocky summit is cover with deep snow all year long. Also, the amazing fact about Mt. Everest is that it grows about a quarter of an inch every year. The wind can blow over 200mph and has the temperature of -80F. It can also be very hot with temperatures over 100F through which climbers go through to reach the summit.
The first summit was climbed by Sir Edmund Hillary from New Zealand and Tenzing Norgay, a Sherpa from Nepal in May 29. 1953. There is very little native flora or fauna on Everest. A moss grows at 6,480 meters (21,260 ft.) on Mount Everest. It may be the highest altitude plant species.
The Chomolungma (Mt. Everest)
Similarly, an alpine cushion plant called Arenaria is known to grow below 5,500 meters (18,044 feet) in the region. As a result, Birds such as the bar-headed goose, chough, and Yellow-billed choughs have been spotters. Yaks are often using to haul gear for Mount Everest climbs. Other animals in the region include the Himalayan Tahr which is sometimes eaten by the snow leopard. The Himalayan black bear can be found up to 4,300 meters (14,107.61 feet) and the Red pandas are also present in the region.
Besides, that stunning landscape of Mount Everest itself, Everest Base Camp. The famous Sherpa village, Namche Bazaar (3,500 m). The Sagarmatha National Park, Tengboche Monastery, glacial lake and Everest View Hotel is other great highlights on the Mount Everest. The Everest region in Nepal is more than just trekking but also an excellent opportunity to observe and experience the Sherpa life- inhabitants of the Himalaya region of Nepal.
2) Kanchenjunga: 8,586 meters (the Five Treasure of the snow)
Kanchenjunga is the third highest mountain in the world, and lies partly in Nepal and partly in Sikkim, India. Its peak is 8,586m (28,169 ft) in a section of the Himalayas call Kanchenjunga Himal. That limites to the west by the Tamur River, on the north by the Lhonak Chu and Jongsang La, and in the east by the Teesta River. The name itself literally means The Five Treasures of Snow in Tibetan language, owing to the five major peaks in the region. Parts of Nepal, Tibet, India and Bhutan are within view of the majestic icon whose five peaks look down on famous tea gardens in Darjeeling, Sikkim, Kalimpong, Pedong, Ilam, Hile and Taplejung.
Moreover, Geographic boundaries are of little concern to the ancient undulating landscape. The unique environment has both nurtured and challenged any living thing that dares to enter its realm. The inhabitants are stalwart and enduring. Hundreds of unique plant species are found there. Himalayan firs, oak and birch trees make up the dense forests. Rare orchids and rhododendron add a spark of color to the hillsides. Citrus fruits impossibly thrive in the rocky soil and cool temperatures, and verdant tea gardens cover the slopes and plains in a blanket of green.
3) Lhotse: 8,516 m (The Mountain Wall of Legends)
Standing at 8,516 meters (27,940 ft), Lhotse is the fourth highest mountain in the world . Top Ten Highest Mountains of Nepal, Lhotse is connecting to the latter peak via the South Col. Lhotse means “South Peak” in Tibetan. The mountain comprises the smaller peaks Lhotse Middle (East) at 8,414m (27,605 ft), and Lhotse Shar at 8,383m (27,503 ft) in addition to the main summit at 8,516 meters (27,940ft) above sea level. The summit of this mountain is on the border between Tibet (China) and the Khumbu region of Nepal. Fritz Luchsinger and Ernest Reiss, two Swiss climbers, made the first ascent of Lhotse I on May 18, 1956, . Lhotse is an exhilarating climb that follows the Everest climbing route as far as Camp Four where the route steepens to follow an icy gully to the summits.
However, the western flank of Lhotse is known as the Lhotse Face. Any climber bound for the South Col on Everest must climb this 1,125 m (3,690 ft) wall of glacial blue ice. The summits of the two mountains are connected by the South Col & Immediately south of Mount Everest lies the long east-west crest. Lhotse is sometimes mistakenly identifies as the south peak of the Everest massif. Until Everest had finally been ascended no serious attention was turned to climbing Lhotse. There are two subsidiary peaks in addition to the main summit, Lhotse Shar, which is immediately east of the main summit, and Nuptse, a high peak on the mountain’s west ridge.
4) Mount Makalu: 8,485 m (The Himalayan Pyramid)
The dramatic four-sided, pyramid-shaped mount Makalu is the fifth highest mountain in the world. It rises 14 miles (22 kilometers) southeast of Mount Everest, the highest mountain in the world, and Lhotse, the fourth highest mountain in the world, in the Mahalanger Himalaya. The isolated peak stands between the border of Nepal and Tibet, a region currently governed by China. However, the summit itself lies directly on the international boundary. The name Makalu is derived from the Sanskrit Maha Kala, a name for the Hindu god Shiva that translates “Big Black.” The Chinese name for the peak is Makaru. Makalu was first summits on May 15, 1955 by Lionel Terray and Jean Couzy of a French expedition led by Jean Franco.
Moreover, Top Ten Highest Mountains of Nepal, Makalu, while one of the most challenging 8,000 meter peaks. With steep climbing, exposed ridges, and rock climbing on the summit pyramids, also not exceedingly dangerous via normal route. The climbing roughly divides into three sections: easy glacier climbing on the lower slopes; steep snow and ice climbing to the Makalu-La saddle. Consequently, snow slopes to the steep French Couloir and a finish up a rocky ridge to the summit. Just like Mount Everest this isolated mountain is not overcrowded.
Furthermore, Makalu-Barun Valley is a Himalayan glacier valley situated at the base of Makalu in mid-east of Nepal himalaya. This valley is located entirely inside the Makalu Barun National Park with the same name. The beautiful Makalu Barun Valley present you some spectacular diversity, where high waterfalls cascade into deep gorges, craggy rocks rise from lush green forests, and colorful flowers bloom beneath white snow peaks. . This exclusive landscape is home for some of the last pristine mountain ecosystems on Earth. Rare species of Birds, wild animals and plants flourish in diverse climates and habitats, relatively undisturbed by human kind.
5) Mount Cho–Oyu: 8,201 m
Top Ten Highest Mountains of Nepal, Cho Oyu 8,201 metres/26,906 feet. Similarly, one of the world’s highest peak on the Nepalese–Tibetan (Chinese) Himalayas border about 20 miles (30 km) northwest of Mt. Everest. The Nangpa –La, a glacier pass 19,050 feet high lying south of the peak, forms part of the trade route between Tibet and the valley of Khumbu. Glaciers Cho-Oyu has only recently become a popular mountain to climb. It is now known as one of the most accessible of the world’s fourteen 8,000 metre/26,500 feet mountains. This is because the ascent to the summit plateau is short and direct, with a few small technical sections, less than 6 metres/20 feet high, climbed using fixed lines.
Mount Cho–Oyu (The Turquoise Goddess)
Additionally, the mountain can easily reaches by four-wheel-drive vehicle, and the trail to camp 1 at 6,400 metres/21,100 feet, is basically a steep walk on talus slopes. The trail can be climb in sturdy leather trekking boots with good ankle support. The mountain was first climbed by Herbert Tichy, Joseph Jöchler and Sherpa Pasang Dawa Lama of an Austrian expeditionon October 19, 1954, via the north-west ridge . Including Northwest, Northeast, Southeast, Southwest, and West with the Jabula Glacier on the north, Lanba Glacier on the south, and Gecongba Glacier Cho Oyu consists mainly of five ridges. Spring is best season for Cho Oyu climbing & trekking.
However, during winter season, the snow slopes and the ice wall can be quite treacherous with frozen precipitation. The fall season is just the opposite with colder days and increasingly unstable weather. From the top of the summit point you will observe the magnificent mountain offer view of Mount Everest, Lhotse, Ama Dablam, and literally hundreds of other Himalayan peaks
6) Dhaulagiri I: 8,167 m (beautiful White Mountain); Top Ten Highest Mountains of Nepal
First of all, the Top Ten Highest Mountains of Nepal, Dhaulagiri is the seventh highest mountain in the world. It is the thirteenth out of the world’s fourteen 8,000m peaks. It is situated on the west of the deepest Gorge of Kali Gandaki River, about 40 miles (65 km) northwest of Annapurna. Many of Dhaulagiri’s snow- and glacier-covered peaks exceed 25,000 feet (7,620 meters), including Dhaulagiri I, II, III, and IV. The tallest, Dhaulagiri I, reaches an elevation of 26,795 feet (8,167 meters) and is the world’s seventh highest mountain.
Likewise, with a south wall that rises vertically some 15,000 feet (4,600 metres). The peak’s steep sides and bitterly cold climate prevented an ascent to the top until May 13, 1960. When a Swiss expedition led by Max Eiselin reached the summit. The Nepalese name Dhaulagiri originates with its Sanskrit name dhawala giri, which translates to “beautiful white mountain,” an appropriate name for the high peak which is always cloaks in snow.
Top Ten Highest Mountains of Nepal located in central Nepal
The mountain is easy to reach from Pokhara, Central Nepal, which is a must-visit tourist destination. Because of the variety of the peaks, the Dhaulagiri Himal Massif attracts mountain climbers. Even though it consists of 11 summits, each of which exceed 7000 meters. Undoubtedly, Dhaulagiri I is the centerpiece of the massif, as it’s the only eight-thousander there. There are four camps for this Expedition. The advance base camp is at a height of 5300 m and due to the danger of avalanche; this camp is not use for overnight stay. However, the normal route is considers comparatively much better in view of moderate avalanche danger, and short sections of technical climbing. Most of the treks required Training and previous high altitude alpine hiking experience with excellent physical condition.
7) Mount Manaslu: 8,163 m (Mountain of the Spirit)
Another most beautiful mountain on list of Top Ten Highest Mountains of Nepal is Mount Manaslu. It is at 8,163 m (26,781 ft) feet the eighth highest mountain in the world. Manslu is located in the Mansiri Himal range. Not only-but also, part of the Nepalese Himalayas, in the west-central part of Nepal. Its name, which means “Mountain of the Spirit”, derives from the Sanskrit word Manasa, meaning “intellect” or “soul”. On May 9, 1956, Mount Manaslu was first climbed by Toshio Imanishi and Gyalzen Norbu, members of a Japanese expedition. Culminate in a peak that towers steeply above its surrounding landscape, and is a dominant feature when views from afar. The mountain’s valley glaciers and long ridges offer feasible approaches from all directions.
The Manaslu region offers diversity of trekking options. Moreover, the popular Manaslu trekking route of 177 kilometres (110 miles). In skirts the Manaslu massif over the pass down to Annapurna. The Nepalese Government only allowed trekking of this circuit in 1991. As well as, the trekking trail follows an ancient salt-trading route along the Burhi Gandak River. En route, ten peaks over 6,500 meters (21,300 ft) are visible, including a few over 7,000 metres (23,000 ft). The Larkya La at an elevation of 5,106 meters (16,752 ft is the highest point reach along the trek route. Furthermore, in May 2008, the mountain has been climbed 297 times with 53 fatalities. Teahouses are on the trail for night stay. The other option is to camp under the starts. Internet access and charging of a phone and other electronic equipment are possible at the tea houses along the trail.
8) Annapurna I: 8,091 m (Goddess of the Harvest)
Top Ten Highest Mountains of Nepal inside also, Annapurna is the 10th highest mountain in the world. Among one of the fourteen 8,000-meter peaks, and is the 94th most prominent mountain in the world. The Annapurna massif has six prominent peaks among them Annapurna II is the 16th highest mountain in the world. The mountain is technically named Annapurna I. Also, is the high point of a massif that includes five other major peaks over 23,620 feet (7,200 meters), including 26,040-foot (7,937-meter). The Annapurna is a Sanskrit word that literally means “full of food” but translates to Goddess of the Harvest.
The Annapurna is a Hindu fertility goddess. The Maurice Herzon and Louis Lachenal did first summit Annapurna in 1950. They were part of a French team that included other great climbers including Gaston Rébuffat and Lionel Terray. Likewise, Annapurna is the most dangerous 8,000 meter peak to climbing, with an expedition fatality to successful ascent ratio of 38%. The Annapurna trek around the range, called the Annapurna Circuit, is one of the most popular highest-altitude pass in world. Likewise, Annapurna Circuit trek takes you to the world deepest Gorge in Kalidgandaki valley. Depending on where you start and finish hiking the Circuit is between 100 and 145 miles long. The Annapurna massif is protecting in the Annapurna Conservation Area, the largest such area in Nepal.
9) Gyachung Kang: (7,952m)
On Top Ten Highest Mountains of Nepal list, the Gyachung Kang is a hidden mountain in the Mahalangur Himal section of the Himalaya. This peak is even more, the highest peak between Cho-Oyu (8,201 m) and Mount Everest (8,848 m). It is situated between the borders of Nepal and China. This peak known as the fifteenth-highest peak in the world, and one of hidden mountains. Gyachung Kang is also known as the highest peak that is not eight thousand meters tall. Hence, it is far less infamous than the lowest of the eight-thousanders, which are only about 100 m (328 ft.) higher.
Due to its lack of significant prominence (700 m) also contributes to its relative obscurity. Hence, its twin snow, and rock peaks tower above the immediate surroundings, separated by a narrow saddle. The mountain was first climbed by Y. Kato, K. Sakaizawa and Pasang Phutar on April 10, 1964, and on the next day by K. Machida and K. Yasuhisa. Similarly, the first climbed from north face in 1999 by a Slovene expedition and it was repeat by Yasushi Yamanoi in 2002.
10) Annapurna II: (7,937)
Equally, on list of Top Ten Highest Mountains of Nepal, Annapurna II is part of the Annapurna mountain range, and is the eastern anchor of the range. This is the second highest mountain in the Annapurna Himal, after Annapurna (8,091m). Annapurna 2 was Chris Boninington’s first major climb. In Addition, the impressive mountain rises 7,000m seen from Pokhara. Annapurna Mountain has many interesting routes leading to the summit but the normal route is via the West Ridge of the mountain. Problem is that than also Annapurna 4 has to be tackled. This is a major undertaking as it involves considerable descent and (ascent on the return!). Given the obstacle of a 3 kilometer ridge at an altitude over 7000 metres, combined with the fact that this mountain lies just below the magic 8000 metres line, may explain why it has been ascended by few expeditions.