Top Ten Highest Mountains of Nepal is a mountainous country. Nepal is known as the land of the Himalayas. Nepal is blessed with 8 out of 10 highest peaks in the world. When you think of mountains in Nepal, Mount Everest is the most famous by dint of being the world’s highest peak. But Nepal is home to many other mountains, from the 3,000-foot summits of the Churiya Hills to the giants of the Greater Himalayas and the ranges along the border with Tibet. Nepal’s mountains invite superlatives, from the highest to the most popular to the most secluded. The mountains are known as the Himalaya in Nepali. The mountain region covers about 35 percent of the total area of the kingdom, out of which only about two percent of the land is cultivable. Almost all major rivers of the country originate here. These heavenly mountains attributing angelic beauty in Nepal play a cosmic role to the enhancement of tourism. Our tourism trade depends on them. Many tourists eagerly visit Nepal to watch the mountains. Some of them come here to climb the snowy mountains. The snow-capped mountains are the origins of the rivers in Nepal. Therefore, mountains are the permanent sources of water. The climate and environment are completely fresh and healthy in the mountains. That’s why the inhabitants of the mountain regions are always vigorous and robust. Here is the list of all the high scaling mountains of Nepal.
1) Mt Everest (Sagarmatha): 8,848 meters (The world highest mountain peak)
Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world. It is also known in Nepal as Sagarmatha and in Tibet as Chomolungma. It is located in the Mahalangur mountain range in Nepal and Tibet. Its peak is 8,848 meters (29,029 ft) above sea level. The summit is the border of Nepal to the south and China or Tibet on the north. It consists of different types of shale, limestone, and marble.The rocky summit is covered with deep snow all year long. The amazing fact about Mt. Everest is that it grows about a quarter of an inch every year. The wind can blow over 200mph and has the temperature of -80F. It can also be very hot with temperatures over 100F through which climbers go through to reach the summit. The first summit was climbed by Sir Edmund Hillary from New Zealand and Tenzing Norgay, a Sherpa from Nepal. There is very little native flora or fauna on Everest. A moss grows at 6,480 metres (21,260 ft) on Mount Everest. It may be the highest altitude plant species. An alpine cushion plant called Arenaria is known to grow below 5,500 metres (18,000 ft) in the region. Birds, such as the bar-headed goose, chough, and Yellow-billed choughs have been spotted. Yaks are often used to haul gear for Mount Everest climbs. Other animals in the region include the Himalayan tahr which is sometimes eaten by the snow leopard. The Himalayan black bear can be found up to about 4,300 meters (14,000 ft) and the red panda is also present in the region. Besides the stunning landscape of Mount Everest itself, Everest Base Camp, The famous Sherpa village, Namche Bazaar (3,500m). The Sagarmatha National Park, Tengboche Monastery, glacial lake and Everest View Hotel are other great highlights on the Mount Everest. The Everest region in Nepal is more than just trekking but also an excellent opportunity to observe and experience the Sherpa life- inhabitants of the Himalaya region of Nepal.
2) Kanchenjunga: 8,586 meters (the Five Treasure of the snow)
Kanchenjunga is the third highest mountain in the world, and lies partly in Nepal and partly in Sikkim, India. Its peak is 8,586m (28,169 ft) in a section of the Himalayas called Kanchenjunga Himal that is limited to the west by the Tamur River, on the north by the Lhonak Chu and Jongsang La, and in the east by the Teesta River. The name itself literally means The Five Treasures of Snow in Tibetan language, owing to the five major peaks in the region. Parts of Nepal, Tibet, India and Bhutan are within view of the majestic icon whose five peaks look down on famous tea gardens in Darjeeling, Sikkim, Kalimpong, Pedong, Ilam, Hile and Taplejung. Geographic boundaries are of little concern to the ancient undulating landscape. The unique environment has both nurtured and challenged any living thing that dares to enter its realm. The inhabitants are stalwart and enduring. Hundreds of unique plant species are found there. Himalayan firs, oak and birch trees make up the dense forests. Rare orchids and rhododendron add a spark of color to the hillsides. Citrus fruits impossibly thrive in the rocky soil and cool temperatures, and verdant tea gardens cover the slopes and plains in a blanket of green.
3) Lhotse: 8,516 m (The Mountain Wall of Legends)
Lhotse is the fourth highest mountain in the world at 8,516 meters (27,940 ft). Lhotse is connected to the latter peak via the South Col. Lhotse means “South Peak” in Tibetan. In addition to the main summit at 8,516 meters (27,940ft) above sea level, the mountain comprises the smaller peaks Lhotse Middle (East) at 8,414m (27,605 ft), and Lhotse Shar at 8,383m (27,503 ft). The summit is on the border between Tibet (China) and the Khumbu region of Nepal. On May 18, 1956, Fritz Luchsinger and Ernest Reiss, two Swiss climbers, made the first ascent of Lhotse I. Lhotse is an exhilarating climb that follows the Everest climbing route as far as Camp Four where the route steepens to follow an icy gully to the summit. The western flank of Lhotse is known as the Lhotse Face. Any climber bound for the South Col on Everest must climb this 1,125 m (3,690 ft) wall of glacial blue ice. Its long east-west crest is located immediately south of Mount Everest. Lhotse is sometimes mistakenly identified as the south peak of the Everest massif. No serious attention was turned to climbing Lhotse until after Everest had finally been ascended. In addition to the main summit, there are two subsidiary peaks, Lhotse Shar, which is immediately east of the main summit, and Nuptse, a high peak on the mountain’s west ridge.
4) Mount Makalu: 8,485 m (The Himalayan Pyramid)
Makalu is the fifth highest mountain in the world. The dramatic four-sided, pyramid-shaped mountain rises 14 miles (22 kilometers) southeast of Mount Everest, the highest mountain in the world, and Lhotse, the fourth highest mountain in the world, in the Mahalanger Himalaya. The isolated peak straddles the border of Nepal and Tibet, a region currently governed by China. The summit itself lies directly on the international boundary. The name Makalu is derived from the Sanskrit Maha Kala, a name for the Hindu god Shiva that translates “Big Black.” The Chinese name for the peak is Makaru. Makalu was first summited on May 15, 1955 by Lionel Terray and Jean Couzy of a French expedition led by Jean Franco. Makalu, while one of the most challenging 8,000-meter peaks, with steep climbing, exposed ridges, and rock climbing on the summit pyramid, is also not exceedingly dangerous via its normal route. The climbing roughly divides into three sections: easy glacier climbing on the lower slopes; steep snow and ice climbing to the Makalu-La saddle, and snow slopes to the steep French Couloir and a finish up a rocky ridge to the summit. The mountain is not overcrowded like nearby Mount Everest. Makalu-Barun Valley is a Himalayan glacier valley situated at the base of Makalu in the Sankhuwasabha district of Nepal. This valley lies entirely inside the Makalu Barun National Park. Barun Valley provides stunning contrasts, where high waterfalls cascade into deep gorges, craggy rocks rise from lush green forests, and colorful flowers bloom beneath white snow peaks. This unique landscape shelters some of the last pristine mountain ecosystems on Earth. Rare species of animals and plants flourish in diverse climates and habitats, relatively undisturbed by human kind.
5) Mount Cho – Oyu: 8,201 m (The Turquoise Goddess)
Cho Oyu, mountain, one of the world’s highest 8201 metres/26,906, in the Himalayas on the Nepalese–Tibetan (Chinese) border about 20 miles (30 km) northwest of Mt. Everest. The Nangpa La, a glacier pass 19,050 feet high lying south of the peak, forms part of the trade route between Tibet and the valley of Khumbu. Glaciers Cho-Oyu has only recently become a popular mountain to climb. It is now known to be one of the most accessible of the world’s fourteen 8,000 metre/26,500 foot mountains. This is because the ascent to the summit plateau is short and direct, with a few small technical sections, less than 6 metres/20 feet high, climbed using fixed lines. Additionally, the mountain can be easily reached by four-wheel-drive vehicle, and the trail to camp 1 at 6,400 metres/21,100 feet, is basically a steep walk on talus slopes, often done in sturdy leather trekking boots with good ankle support. The mountain was first climbed on October 19, 1954, via the north-west ridge by Herbert Tichy, Joseph Jöchler and Sherpa Pasang Dawa Lama of an Austrian expedition. Cho Oyu consists mainly of five ridges – Northwest, Northeast, Southeast, Southwest, and West with the Jabula Glacier on the north, Lanba Glacier on the south, and Gecongba Glacier.As with all Himalayan peaks, spring is best since everyday it gets warmer with less threat of snow. However since winter season can still be around, the snow slopes and the ice wall can be quite treacherous with frozen precipitation. The fall season is just the opposite with colder days and increasingly unstable weather. The mountain offer view of Everest, Lhotse, Ama Dablam, and literally hundreds of other Himalayan peaks
6) Dhaulagiri I: 8,167 m (beautiful White Mountain)
Dhaulagiri is the seventh highest mountain in the world and was the thirteenth of the world’s fourteen 8000m peaks to be climbed. It is situated on the western side of the deep Kali Gandaki River gorge, about 40 miles (65 km) northwest of Annapurna. Many of Dhaulagiri’s snow- and glacier-covered peaks exceed 25,000 feet (7,620 meters), including Dhaulagiri I, II, III, and IV. The tallest, Dhaulagiri I, reaches an elevation of 26,795 feet (8,167 metres) and is the world’s seventh highest mountain. With a south wall that rises vertically some 15,000 feet (4,600 metres), the peak’s steep sides and bitterly cold climate prevented an ascent to the top until May 13, 1960, when a Swiss expedition led by Max Eiselin reached the summit. The Nepalese name Dhaulagiri originates with its Sanskrit name dhawala giri, which translates to “beautiful white mountain,” an appropriate name for the high peak which is always cloaked in snow.Located in Central Nepal, the mountain is easy to reach from Pokhara, which is a must-visit tourist destination.The Dhaulagiri Himal Massif attracts mountain climbers by the variety of the peaks. Although it consists of 11 summits, each of which exceeds 7000 meters. Evidently, Dhaulagiri I is the centerpiece of the massif, as it’s the only eight-thousander there. here will be 4 camps for this trekking. The advance base camp is at a height of 5300m and due to the danger of avalanche; this camp is not used for overnight stay. However, the normal route is considered comparatively much better in view of moderate avalanche danger and short sections of technical climbing. Most of the treks required previous high altitude alpine hiking experience with excellent physical condition.
7) Mount Manaslu: 8,163 m (Mountain of the Spirit)
Mount Manaslu at 8,163 m (26,781 ft) feet is the eighth highest mountain in the world, and is located in the Mansiri Himal, part of the Nepalese Himalayas, in the west-central part of Nepal. Its name, which means “Mountain of the Spirit”, comes from the Sanskrit word Manasa, meaning “intellect” or “soul”. Manaslu was first climbed on May 9, 1956 by Toshio Imanishi and Gyalzen Norbu, members of a Japanese expedition. The mountain’s long ridges and valley glaciers offer feasible approaches from all directions, and culminate in a peak that towers steeply above its surrounding landscape, and is a dominant feature when viewed from afar. The Manaslu region offers a variety of trekking options. The popular Manaslu trekking route of 177 kilometres (110 mi), skirts the Manaslu massif over the pass down to Annapurna. The Nepalese Government only permitted trekking of this circuit in 1991.The trekking trail follows an ancient salt-trading route along the Burhi Gandak River. En route, 10 peaks over 6,500 meters (21,300 ft) are visible, including a few over 7,000 metres (23,000 ft). The highest point reached along the trek route is the Larkya La at an elevation of 5,106 meters (16,752 ft). As of May 2008, the mountain has been climbed 297 times with 53 fatalities. Teahouses are on the trail for night stay. The other option is to camp under the starts. Internet access and charging of phone and other electronic equipments are possible at the tea houses along the trail.
8) Annapurna I: 8,091 m (Goddess of the Harvest)
Annapurna is the 10th highest mountain in the world, one of the fourteen 8,000-meter peaks, and is the 94th most prominent mountain in the world. The mountain is technically named Annapurna I and is the high point of a massif that includes five other major peaks over 23,620 feet (7,200 meters), including 26,040-foot (7,937-meter) Annapurna II, the 16th highest mountain in the world. Annapurna is a Sanskrit word that literally means “full of food” but translates to Goddess of the Harvest. Annapurna is a Hindu fertility goddess. Maurice Herzon and Louis Lachenal, the first to summit Annapurna in 1950, were part of a French team that included other great climbers including Gaston Rébuffat and Lionel Terray. nnapurna is the most dangerous 8000-meter peak to climbing, with an expedition fatality to successful ascent ratio of 38%. The Annapurna trek around the range, called the Annapurna Circuit, is one of the most popular high-altitude treks in Nepal. The Circuit is between 100 and 145 miles long, depending on where you start and finish hiking. The Annapurna massif is protected in the Annapurna Conservation Area, the largest such area in Nepa
9) Gyachung Kang: (7,952m)
Gyachung Kang is a mountain in the Mahalangur Himal section of the Himalaya, and is the highest peak between Cho Oyu (8,201 m) and Mount Everest (8,848 m). It lies on the border between Nepal and China. As the fifteenth-highest peak in the world, it is also the highest peak that is not eight thousand meters tall; hence it is far less well-known than the lowest of the eight-thousanders, which are only about 100 m (328 ft) higher. The peak’s lack of significant prominence (700 m) also contributes to its relative obscurity. Its twin snow and rock peaks tower above the immediate surroundings, separated by a narrow saddle. The mountain was first climbed on April 10, 1964 by Y. Kato, K. Sakaizawa and Pasang Phutar and on the next day by K. Machida and K. Yasuhisa. The north face was first climbed in 1999 by a Slovene expedition and was repeated by Yasushi Yamanoi in 2002.
10) Annapurna II: (7,937)
Annapurna II is part of the Annapurna mountain range, and is the eastern anchor of the range. This is the second highest mountain in the Annapurna Himal, after Annapurna (8091m). Annapurna 2 was Chris Boninington’s first major climb. The impressive mountain rises 7000m seen from Pokhara. The normal route is via the West Ridge of the mountain. Problem is that than also Annapurna 4 has to be tackled. This is a major undertaking as it involves considerable descent,(ascent on the return!). Given the obstacle of a 3 kilometer ridge at an altitude over 7000 metres, combined with the fact that this mountain lies just below the magic 8000 metres line, may explain why it has been ascended by few expeditions.